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Early Childhood Development Risks

Risks for adverse child development outcomes include a range of biolological risks ( nutrition related, infectious diseases, environmental risks), and psychosocial risks (parenting factors, contextual risk factors such as maternal depression and exposure to violence). These coupled with poverty and associated social factors, prevent over 200 million children in the developing countries from attaining their developmental potential. In reality, these risks often co-occur, exposing children to the effects of cumulative risk factors. These affect children’s cognitive abilities, social-emotional competence and sensori- motor development, all of which in turn have consequences for children’s school readiness as well as on school performance. Featured below are publications focussing on the risks for adverse child development outcomes.

Fernald, A., Marchman, V. A. and Weisleder, A. (2013), SES differences in language processing skill and vocabulary are evident at 18 months. Developmental Science, 16: 234–248. doi: 10.1111/desc.12019... Read More

Hamadani, J.D., Tofail, F., Hilaly, A., Huda, S.N., Engle, P.L., and Grantham-McGregor, S.M. (2010). Use of Family Care Indicators and Their Relationship with Child Development in Bangladesh, Journal of... Read More

Mehta, M.A., Golembo, N.I., Nosarti, C., Colvert, E., Mota, A., Williams, S.C.R., Rutter, M., and Sonuga-Barke, E.J.S. (2009).Amygdala, hippocampal and corpus callosum size following severe early... Read More

Objective: There is increasing interest in the relations between adverse early experiences and subsequent psychiatric disorders. Institutional rearing is considered an adverse caregiving environment, but... Read More