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Early Childhood Development Risks

Risks for adverse child development outcomes include a range of biolological risks ( nutrition related, infectious diseases, environmental risks), and psychosocial risks (parenting factors, contextual risk factors such as maternal depression and exposure to violence). These coupled with poverty and associated social factors, prevent over 200 million children in the developing countries from attaining their developmental potential. In reality, these risks often co-occur, exposing children to the effects of cumulative risk factors. These affect children’s cognitive abilities, social-emotional competence and sensori- motor development, all of which in turn have consequences for children’s school readiness as well as on school performance. Featured below are publications focussing on the risks for adverse child development outcomes.

Aisha Yousafzai, Muneera Rasheed and Zulfiqar Bhutta in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Special Issue: Annual Research Review: Resilience in child development
Volume 54, Issue 4, pages... Read More

Authors Frances E. Aboud and Aisha K. Yousafzai review evidence from developing countries on how co-occuring nutritonal and health risks for children under the age of two, coupled with lack of psychosocial... Read More

Researchers Lia  Fernald,Patricia Kariger, Melissa Hidrobo, and Paul Gertler show that in four low- or middle-income countries, children under 2 years from the wealthiest households had higher developmental... Read More

Engle, P.L., & Black. M.M. (2008). The Effect of Poverty on Child Development and Educational Outcomes. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1136: 243–256 (2008). doi: 10.1196/annals.1425.023... Read More