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Early Childhood Development Risks

Risks for adverse child development outcomes include a range of biolological risks ( nutrition related, infectious diseases, environmental risks), and psychosocial risks (parenting factors, contextual risk factors such as maternal depression and exposure to violence). These coupled with poverty and associated social factors, prevent over 200 million children in the developing countries from attaining their developmental potential. In reality, these risks often co-occur, exposing children to the effects of cumulative risk factors. These affect children’s cognitive abilities, social-emotional competence and sensori- motor development, all of which in turn have consequences for children’s school readiness as well as on school performance. Featured below are publications focussing on the risks for adverse child development outcomes.

To honor the late John Beard’s many contributions regarding iron and dopamine biology, this review by Betsy Lozoff,  focuses on recent human studies that test specific hypotheses about effects of early iron... Read More

Researchers Eliza L. Congdon, Alissa Westerlund,Cecilia R. Algarin,Patricio D. Peirano,Matthew Gregas,Betsy Lozoff and Charles A. Nelson studied the long-term effects of iron deficiency on the neural... Read More

Researchers Cecilia Algarín,Charles Nelson, Patricio Peirano, Alissa Westerlund, Sussanne Reyes and Betsy Lozoff report in the Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology journal issue of  May, 2013 on the... Read More

Researchers Betsy Lozoff, Julia Smith, Niko Kaciroti, Katy M. Clark, Silvia Guevara and Elias Jimenez evaluated adulthood function following chronic iron deficiency in infancy in Costa Rica.Outcomes... Read More