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Early Childhood Development Risks

Risks for adverse child development outcomes include a range of biolological risks ( nutrition related, infectious diseases, environmental risks), and psychosocial risks (parenting factors, contextual risk factors such as maternal depression and exposure to violence). These coupled with poverty and associated social factors, prevent over 200 million children in the developing countries from attaining their developmental potential. In reality, these risks often co-occur, exposing children to the effects of cumulative risk factors. These affect children’s cognitive abilities, social-emotional competence and sensori- motor development, all of which in turn have consequences for children’s school readiness as well as on school performance. Featured below are publications focussing on the risks for adverse child development outcomes.

Based on the findings from a number of cohort studies suggesting that children who are exposed to maternal stress during pregnancy have an increased risk of behavioral problems, authors Ramchandani PG,... Read More

Authors Bilal Avan, Linda M Richter, Paul G Ramchandani, Shane A Norris and Alan Stein assessed the association between maternal postnatal depression and child behaviour problems and child growth at age 2... Read More

Authors Feyza Corapci, Agustin Calatroni, Niko Kaciroti, Elias Jimenez and Betsy Lozoff examined externalizing and internalizing behavior problem trajectories as a function of both iron status in infancy... Read More

Authors Suying Chang,  Li Wang, Yuying Wang, Inge D. Brouwer, Frans J. Kok, Betsy Lozoff and Chunming Chen, compared affect and behavior of 3 groups of nonanemic 4-year-old children: children with iron-... Read More